Coal: The Last Six Months
Of Federal Activity

About

This Report

This is a computer-generated report that shows all of the federal activity with respect to the keyword "Coal" over the last six months. This is a demonstration of the power of our government relations automation software.

Hansard

House: 132 Speeches
Senate: 24 Speeches

House Senate

Bills

Active: 1

See Bills

Regulations

Filed: 2
Proposed: 0

Regulations

The House

Hon. Chrystia Freeland (Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lib.)

June 9th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...government was truly delighted to announce that Canada will be the new co-chair of the Equal Rights Coalition.

The coalition is made up of more than 30 countries and promotes and protects the human rights of lesbian...”

Ms. Sheila Malcolmson (Nanaimo—Ladysmith, NDP)

June 8th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ing technology. (1250)

Our responsibility is deep. We are reminded by the CCNR, the Canadian Coalition for Nuclear Responsibility, in the summary of a book written in the eighties, that:

...”

Mr. Matt DeCourcey (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lib.)

June 8th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...of girls and women.

Moreover, Canada works with other countries to establish new multilateral coalitions that are looking to adopt innovative approaches on emerging issues. For example, Canada is one of the founding members of the Freedom Online Coalition, a multilateral coalition of 30 governments whose objective is to increase awareness on human rights online and Internet freedom, as well as establishing standards in this respect.

Canada is also a member of the Community of Democracies, another multilateral coalition of 30 countries dedicated to strengthening democratic institutions and associated standards. In addition, Canada will co-chair the Equal Rights Coalition, a new international forum that advocates for the fundamental rights of LGBTQ2 people. (1...”

Mrs. Shannon Stubbs (Lakeland, CPC)

June 8th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...ces of that bad policy, Australians defeated the left-leaning government and elected a conservative coalition, which repealed the tax, and created an almost $3 billion fund for industry incentives. Au...”

Mr. Joël Lightbound (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Health, Lib.)

June 8th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...ever, and it shows our commitment to global action.[English]

As a member of the High Ambition Coalition, we want to see more ambitious and accelerated climate action, not less. We want to move f...”

Ms. Elizabeth May

June 8th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...ce. They are getting all kinds of loopholes. We are letting Nova Scotia get away with still burning coal, and it has weaker commitments under the pan-Canadian framework than it had before.

We ha...”

Mr. Joël Lightbound

June 8th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...pollution right across Canada, accelerating the phasing-out of our traditional and highly polluting coal-fired power plants, developing a clean fuels standard to stimulate greater use of biofuels, inv...”

Hon. Peter Kent (Thornhill, CPC)

June 6th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“... Liberal lens today, where is the detail for example on whether the Liberal retreat from the allied coalition in Syria and Iraq will be reversed, whether the Liberals will be less submissive with Chin...”

Mr. Colin Carrie (Oshawa, CPC)

June 6th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...Our American counterparts are working to reduce regulation, lower taxes, and are investing in coal-fired electricity to reduce energy costs. With uncertainty over the effects of the Liberals' na...”

Hon. Catherine McKenna

June 6th
Hansard Link

S. O. 57

“...ing with the provinces and territories. We have put a price on carbon pollution. We are phasing out coal by 2030. We have made historic investments in public transit and in green infrastructure. We ar...”

Hon. Catherine McKenna

June 6th
Hansard Link

S. O. 57

“...obs 12 times faster than the rest of the economy. In fact, the U.S. has twice as many solar jobs as coal jobs.

A decade ago these remarkable achievements would have seemed impossible, but technological innovations, market demand, and a desire to leave future generations with a cleaner planet have together sparked an energy revolution. These are the innovative actions and bold solutions our generation demands.

For too long, the former government worked hard to stall action on climate change. Some failed to see the enormous opportunity before us, and others simply did not believe that climate change exists.

However, the time for inaction is over. Today, the Paris Agreement is a testament to collaboration across borders from countries, to cities, to businesses, working toward a common cause.[Translation]

Just recently, a group of 1,100 businesses with a combined valuation in excess of $3 trillion reiterated its commitment to the Paris agreement. In a public letter, companies like Walmart, Google, and Nike indicated that, by taking measures to prevent climate change now, we could create jobs and enhance economic competitiveness. What is more, many companies are matching their words with action.[English]

The private sector accounts for close to half of the world's electricity consumption, and some of the world's largest companies are stepping up and making dramatic changes. Walmart has committed to running its facilities from 100% renewable energy, and so have Google, Coca-Cola, and Starbucks. They are all part of RE100, a group of major companies working to procure their power from renewables.

Cities too are taking the lead. Half of the world's population lives in cities, and cities produce 70% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions. They are also being hit hard by the impacts of climate change. In Canada, by 2020 cities could be hit with $5 billion a year in costs from extreme weather events, and by 2050 that number will rise to a striking $43 billion a year. Therefore, many cities are taking independent action to mitigate these effects. In Canada, Vancouver has committed to cut emissions by at least 80% below 2007 levels before 2050. It has joined Toronto, Montreal, Ottawa, Edmonton, and 18 other cities in the Compact of Mayors. With more than 7,000 members around the world, this group commits to cities' taking tangible actions to reduce emissions. (1935) [Translation]

New York, Seoul, Los Angeles, and Hong Kong are just some of the big cities that have committed to drastically reducing their carbon emissions. Michael Bloomberg, former mayor of New York and businessman, told me that cities, companies, and individuals will continue to reduce their emissions because they have understood that it is in their own best interest to do so.[English]

I quickly learned in this job that the topic of climate change can raise strong views and emotions. There are some who want to transition from fossil fuels overnight, and nothing the government does will ever be fast enough. For others, any climate action is wrong-headed. People can just read my Twitter feed and watch these views battle it out. However, I have learned that the majority of Canadians understand that Canada and the world are transitioning to cleaner forms of energy. They understand this transition will not happen overnight. They understand that oil and natural gas are essential bridges to the low-carbon economy, and they want to ensure that their family and all Canadians benefit from this transition. In Canada, the shift to a cleaner future is already under way, and it is not only reducing carbon pollution; it is fostering innovation, strengthening our economy, and creating the jobs of the future.

In my travels across this country, I have seen so many companies that embody innovation and entrepreneurship. They are the scientists, the engineers, and the inventors who are catalyzing the future economy.

In Burnaby, B.C., General Fusion is developing a process that could unleash the energy potential of fusion to power our cities and communities.

In Calgary, Carbon Engineering has created a technology to capture carbon from the air and use it to produce fuels. Bill Gates is its biggest investor, and the company is also a finalist for the $25 million Virgin Earth Challenge prize.

While in Edmonton, I visited a manufacturing facility that makes net-zero homes that look like any suburban home. The company, Landmark Homes, employs more than 300 people, uses energy-efficient materials, and puts solar panel roofs on its houses. I met a family who lives in one of these homes, and instead of paying hydro bills, the family earns revenues from selling electricity.

Alberta is also home to Canada's Oil Sands Innovation Alliance, which through collaboration and the sharing of technologies among companies, is creating cleaner air, bigger efficiencies, and better-protected lands. Canadian companies are helping to drive innovation in the clean-growth economy.

In Winnipeg, I visited a factory that makes electric buses. They are incredible. They run smoothly and quietly with zero emissions. The company, called New Flyer Industries, is creating good, middle-class jobs. Today, we can find electric buses and electric cars humming across the country, and we are going to keep on seeing more of them.

In Toronto, SkyPower exports solar power to more than 30 countries around the world. It has new projects that could potentially power tens of millions of homes.

In Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, CarbonCure has created cutting-edge technology. It captures carbon pollution from industry and then uses it to create stronger, lower-emission cement.

Farmers across the country are using zero-till agriculture and climate-resilient crops. They are a part of the solution to tackle climate change.

By changing the way we commute, heat our homes, and run our industries, as well as the way we power our towns and cities, we are helping to achieve our Paris targets and creating well-paying jobs while doing it.

Canada is quickly becoming a major competitor in the renewable energy and clean tech sector. Earlier this year, 11 of Canada's clean tech companies were ranked within the top 100 in the world. We are punching well above our weight.

However, for Canada to continue innovating and creating good, middle-class jobs in a clean-growth century, we must signal to the market that we are open for investment. That is why our government has pursued pragmatic, flexible, and smart climate policies. Canadians expect us to uphold our commitment to the Paris agreement, our commitment to growing our economy and strengthening the middle class, and our commitment to future generations. In fact, they told us so last year, when members of Parliament hosted town halls across the country, from Newfoundland, to Manitoba, to British Columbia, to the territories, and thousands more people participated in stakeholder round tables and contributed on line. (1940) [Translation]

Canadians of all ages, young and old, business representatives, unions, indigenous communities, scientists, and environmentalists have spoken.

I believe that Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England and a great Canadian, put it best when he said, “The more we invest with foresight, the less we will regret in hindsight”.

With that in mind, I will reiterate our plan to fight climate change.[English]

Canada's climate plan will not only reduce carbon pollution; it will renew our infrastructure, strengthen our transportation networks, and through smart and strategic investments, spur innovation and opportunity in Canada's towns and cities.

First, we will price carbon pollution across our country. The concept is simple. We are pricing what we do not want, pollution, so that we can foster the things we do want, like stronger businesses, well-paying jobs, innovation, and cleaner and healthier communities.

However, there is so much more to our climate plan. We are investing $21.9 billion in green infrastructure to build energy-efficient homes and offices and to help families save on their energy bills. We are investing $20.1 billion to support urban public transit to help reduce commute times in our cities, increase the use of clean transportation, and allow people to spend more time with their families and less time in traffic.

We are also phasing out coal from our electricity system by 2030. This is the equivalent of taking 1.3 million cars off the ...”

Hon. Catherine McKenna

June 6th
Hansard Link

S. O. 57

“...o combat climate change. This includes a price on carbon across the country. This includes reducing coal emissions and making historic investments in green infrastructure and public transit.

We ...”

Hon. Catherine McKenna

June 6th
Hansard Link

S. O. 57

“...ns. One reason greenhouse gas emissions have gone down is that the Government of Ontario closed its coal plants.[English]

Let me repeat that, so we are all 100% clear. The reason emissions went down in Canada under the previous government is because there was a recession, and it could not grow the economy, and because Ontario phased out coal-fired plants. That is not a plan.”

Ms. Joyce Murray (Parliamentary Secretary to the President of the Treasury Board, Lib.)

June 6th
Hansard Link

S. O. 57

“...ra and Vancouver of working with former attorneys general and justice and health professionals in a coalition called Stop the Violence BC. We have common cause on legalization.

I would like to f...”

Ms. Christine Moore (Abitibi—Témiscamingue, NDP)

June 5th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...nt, and it is in a position to choose to act on this situation. British Columbia is going to have a coalition government between the NDP and the Green Party. Again, it can choose to act on this situat...”

Hon. Bill Morneau (Minister of Finance, Lib.)

June 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...f energy, more people were employed in solar power last year than in generating electricity through coal, gas and oil energy combined. Just under 374,000 people were employed in solar energy, while coal, gas and oil powered generation combined had a workforce of slightly more than 187,000 people. The boom in the country's solar workforce can be attributed to construction work associated with expanding generation capacity.

The gulf in employment is growing, with net generation from coal falling 53% over the last decade. During the same period, electricity generation from natural g...”

Ms. Linda Duncan

June 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...o its credit, followed in the footsteps of Alberta, which moved toward a faster period to shut down coal-fired power, a campaign that I worked on for many years. That is costing the Government of Albe...”

Mr. François Choquette (Drummond, NDP)

June 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...e done now? What should the Liberals do? They should read the recommendations from the Green Budget Coalition, a coalition of scientists and environmentalists who researched and developed a balanced budget that sets out commitments the government should make and how those actions will save money.

For example, as members pointed out, we have to invest in all kinds of measures. Fine, but which ones? The parliamentary budget officer mentioned this, and the Green Budget Coalition recommended that the Government of Canada bring in a law with a timeline established in budget 2017 to eliminate all preferential tax treatment for the fossil fuel industry. The Minister of Finance, who spoke earlier, did not follow those recommendations. Bottom line, no more subsidies for the fossil fuel industry, which currently gets about $1.5 billion per year.

Certain governments received fossil awards at international climate change conferences. The message is that they should turn away from fossil fuels and toward fair energy policy and decarbonization.

There is another important recommendation, an essential recommendation. In 2012, I moved a motion on the federal government's plan on energy efficiency, which my colleague talked about earlier. The current Liberal government has not presented any plan to improve energy efficiency. This is very disappointing.

Here is what our plan states, and I quote:

To support energy efficiency, the Green Budget Coalition recommends that the Government of Canada provide $400 million per year for the next five y...”

Mr. François Choquette

June 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...get and address climate change, I suggest that he read the recommendations made by the Green Budget Coalition. Scientists and environmentalists from across the country made recommendations for a balan...”

Hon. Kevin Sorenson (Battle River—Crowfoot, CPC)

June 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ountry, but it's also gas and oil country. The other interesting thing about Hanna is that it has a coal generating power plant. This is a community that has been told it will lose over 200 jobs because of the imminent closure of the Sheerness coal power plant.

Home prices are already being affected. Councils, mayors, and people are asking what to do next. What should they expect from the government? What are the alternatives they could bring in to help sustain their communities? There is nothing in the budget that will help sustain them and nothing coming from the province. There has been very little as far as alternative types of ideas for those communities. (2005)

The other one is the Battle River power plant in the community of Forestburg. People work there from all over the county, a number of counties, Paintearth, Flagstaff, undoubtedly Camrose. Again, a smaller community of about 800 people is being negatively affected, and very little in this budget will help them.

I stand in this place and I say that if politics is local, then they forgot a great amount of my constituency of Battle River—Crowfoot. They have no idea how to replace the hundreds of jobs in those communities, and they will be lost. Even if we went to natural gas generation instead of coal, the difference is over 200 jobs compared with 40 jobs.

There are problems. Let me say th...”

Mr. David de Burgh Graham (Laurentides—Labelle, Lib.)

June 2nd
Hansard Link

Statements by Members

“...of all those contributing to the protection of our lakes and watersheds, such as the members of the Coalition for Responsible and Sustainable Navigation and many other organizations working to protect...”

Mr. Mark Strahl (Chilliwack—Hope, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...y we are here today, quite frankly. There has been movement in B.C. for the “forces of no”, the coalition of unwilling people who want to oppose every natural resource project in the province, including this pipeline. They have indicated that they intend to try to form a coalition government. The primary purpose of that manifesto is to try to kill the Kinder Morgan pipeline.

We believe that this House needs to pronounce on that. This House needs to indicate that this is a good project, that this is good for Canadian energy workers and for the middle-class families who work hard every day to put food on the table. That is what this is about. It is about supporting the energy sector. We know it can be done safely.

The Prime Minister talks about the environment and the economy needing to go hand in hand. Of course, we did the exact same thing when we were in government. The funny thing is that when the Prime Minister comes to British Columbia, he does not talk about the economic benefits. He does not talk about this pipeline.

If the Prime Minister does not start to invest some of his political capital in this project, if he leaves it to the provincial government, to industry, this pipeline will not get built. We know why he will not come to British Columbia to promote this pipeline. It is because of the fear of the 17 Liberal members of Parliament from that province. They, along with our friends in the NDP, are cheering this coalition, this “forces of no”. They want this pipeline to die.

How do we know that? There...”

Mr. Dan Albas

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ronmental movement think what they are doing is wrong. In addition to that, there is the banning of coal-fired energy. You have exempted Nova Scotia and exempted other provinces.

At the end of the day, you are not growing the economy very much. You are blowing a lot of money, and you are not actually doing the environmental things they said they would, or else you would not be getting raked over the coals by the NDP on a regular basis.

The government still may feel like it is a few months int...”

Hon. Kevin Sorenson (Battle River—Crowfoot, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...through first nations or our trappers and settlers, provided that fur around the world. Then it was coal. As people looked for energy and looked for home heating around the world and in our country, they required coal. Canada responded and produced and exported coal. It was likewise with wheat, to feed the world. Today, the west and regions all across the coun...”

Hon. Kevin Sorenson

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... energy. The member said China invests in renewable energy, but China is also the largest burner of coal and every month brings forward more coal.

We have to find that balance. We need to export.

Years ago when we looked at China...”

Mr. Bob Zimmer (Prince George—Peace River—Northern Rockies, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... project. We want more solid leadership in the province, so that when threats like this are made by coalition governments, the federal government will stand by a decision and make sure it happens.”

Mr. Todd Doherty (Cariboo—Prince George, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...to guess that the reason we are sitting today on the verge of possible provincial collapse with the coalition of the B.C. NDP and the Green Party is that the Prime Minister himself and the 17 B.C. MPs...”

Mr. Luc Berthold (Mégantic—L'Érable, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...rtain people worried, people who firmly believe in this project. Namely, they are worried about the coalition that has been formed by the New Democratic Party and the Green Party. This leads us to won...”

Mrs. Cathy McLeod (Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...e use in day-to-day life.

This is why I thought it was an absurd comment that was made by the coalition Green leader in British Columbia. In Canada, we want to have good relationships among our provinces. We are one country and we are celebrating 150 years, and this was a very difficult comment to hear from the new coalition Green leader in British Columbia. He said, “For Mrs. Notley to tell B.C. that somehow...[choosing] the 20th century [is the way] for our future is not a good sign for her” and the Alberta economy. “Frankly, I think she should get with the program and embrace the 21st century as well.”

There might come a day when we will not need these products anymore, and I recognize that we are moving toward better jobs with renewables. However, does Mr. Weaver ever get in his car? He lives in Victoria, but he probably still has to heat his house in the winter, and I expect that he probably has an iPad in his home. It was a very insulting comment. It is very wrong. Like it or not, oil is still a part of our needs. To be frank, I would rather have Canadian products being used than importing them from all over the world as we do currently. That is something we need to think about.

The Kinder Morgan pipeline is 980 kilometres long. Approximately 350 kilometres, about a third of it, goes through the riding of Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo, which I represent. I find it interesting to hear from the NDP member for Skeena—Bulkley Valley that the mayors are against this project, that the ones who are most affected do not want it to happen. The mayor of Vancouver and the mayor of Burnaby are not the ones who are most impacted by this decision. It is the mayors in the riding that I represent. It is the regional district, and the Squamish-Lillooet Regional District has given support to this project. Therefore, for the member to say they are the ones most impacted, when the vast majority of the pipeline is going to be through other communities, is wrong. (1605)

Not only does it have the support of the many mayors and regional district directors throughout the interior of British Columbia and Alberta, but the first nations communities have signed off on it also. There are 51 first nation communities that have signed community benefit agreements. Again, in my community, the first nations see there is tremendous opportunity and have signed off on the agreement.

It is interesting that the only thing we hear portrayed in terms of first nations is the lack of support from a few bands. I think they are the Tsleil-Waututh and Squamish first nations. However, we never hear about Simpcw or Tk'emlups or many in Whispering Pines, who have said that this is a good project and they support it. They see opportunities and would like to see it go through.

I moved to Kamloops in 1999. That pipeline has been in operation since 1953. There was an awareness that there was a tanker farm and perhaps a pipeline, but, to be frank, no one really paid much attention. We knew that there was a pipeline. There was no discomfort with the fact that there was a pipeline going through our community. We knew it had an important terminus, which probably kept the price of our gasoline at a reasonable level and supplied much of the interior of British Columbia.

The other thing we know is that trains go right along our fish-bearing rivers, our salmon-bearing rivers. We know that although train transportation is safe, it is not as safe as pipelines. The other key issue is that there is only so much capacity on our rail system, and they are taking up capacity with the transportation of oil. By sending all these barrels via train, we are taking away the opportunity to transport our grain and wood. We are going to be detrimentally impacting the whole supply chain within Canada. Therefore, the pipeline is incredibly important in terms of the supply chain. We have great support for Kinder Morgan, the 980 kilometres through Alberta and through the communities I represent.

Of course, in Burnaby and Vancouver, they are a little more reluctant about it. I hope the people of Vancouver and Burnaby will look at this as being many things. It is for the good of the country. Calgary, Alberta, is having tremendous problems. In the interior of British Columbia, the vast majority of people would prefer to see oil go through by pipeline rather than train, and they see that there are opportunities.

We are one country, and today we are having this debate. The federal government, through the National Energy Board, has approved the project. We have an uncertain situation in British Columbia as to whether the coalition government will be taking over. The parties have clearly stated they are reluctant to supp...”

Mr. Garnett Genuis (Sherwood Park—Fort Saskatchewan, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...There is now a new provincial government in B.C.—I should not say that. There is a proposal for a coalition of a number of parties that did not get the largest number of seats in the election. That ...”

Mr. Tom Kmiec (Calgary Shepard, CPC)

June 1st
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... coast, and the transportation of raw bitumen through our province..”.

That is what the new coalition of political parties intends to do in British Columbia. We know that they are supported by a great many voters. There is a coalition of voters who actually voted for the federal Liberals in the 2015 election that support th...”

Ms. Sheila Malcolmson (Nanaimo—Ladysmith, NDP)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...nchorages proposed for the beautiful and pristine shore of Gabriola Island. These are to facilitate coal exports from Wyoming to China to burn in power plants.

The petitioners decry the environm...”

Mrs. Cathay Wagantall (Yorkton—Melville, CPC)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...y have a firearms background. The vast majority support stricter gun control and are members of the Coalition for Gun Control.”

Mr. Alistair MacGregor (Cowichan—Malahat—Langford, NDP)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...marijuana. It is a failed approach, the politics of fear.

A study by the Canadian Drug Policy Coalition found that links between the cannabis trade and violent organized crime groups have been g...”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan (Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...We are taking our time to make sure that we remain a credible and responsible partner with the coalition. I look forward to explaining to Canadians and the House our continued effort in the fight...”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan (Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...rt of routine. We are taking the time right now to make sure we have the right discussions with our coalition partners so we can fill the appropriate gaps in the coalition and continue the fight. That is exactly what we did last year, and it is one of the reasons we have had tremendous success with the coalition in the fight against Daesh.”

Ms. Marilyn Gladu (Sarnia—Lambton, CPC)

May 30th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...nada; the Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists; more than 50 organization members of the Coalition for Quality Care and the Interfaith Groups, including the Centre for Israel and Jewish Aff...”

Hon. Bardish Chagger (Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister of Small Business and Tourism, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“... rail is the backbone of the Canadian economy. It moves everything from grain and potash to oil and coal, to the cars we drive, the clothes we wear, and the food we eat.

I would also like to dra...”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan (Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...o revamp our commitments to make sure that we are going to be a viable and credible partner in this coalition.”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan (Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, we have increased our commitments to Iraq. We have always been working with our coalition partners in making sure we have the right adjustments, just as we did with the role 2 hospitals before the commencement of the operation in Mosul.

Today, we announced our extension and also the revamped mission for Operation Artemis, our counterterrorism fight in the Indian Ocean, within that area.

We will always be a credible partner with our coalition, making sure we have the right assets for our coalition partners to have the impact on the ground.”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...o be in the first place, when the Iraqi security forces were not able to hold the ground.

The coalition required additional training. That is why we tripled our trainers. We put the intelligence in so the coalition has the right information to be able to target as well. We actually added helicopters to m...”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan (Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...tax relief. This includes the refocused mission in Iraq and our continuing fight against Daesh. The coalition is maintaining its movement and Daesh has lost more than half the territory it once held. ...”

Hon. Harjit S. Sajjan

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...stated earlier, our air force, our special forces, are playing an important role against the global coalition fight to dismantle Daesh. In Ukraine, our land forces are training hundreds of Ukrainian m...”

Mr. Darren Fisher (Dartmouth—Cole Harbour, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...tinue to do outstanding work patrolling littoral approaches and provide valuable information to the coalition against Daesh in support of our operations in Iraq. This also includes the acquisition of ...”

Mr. Sven Spengemann (Mississauga—Lakeshore, Lib.)

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...y regional conflict and instability.

Our military has also assumed a leadership role with the coalition ministerial liaison team, which is helping the senior Iraqi leadership to build institutional capacity, and with the coalition role 2 medical hospital facility in northern Iraq, where members provide medical and surgical care to coalition forces. Our troops are making major contributions in the fight against Daesh, contributions that, as was announced in March, have been extended until the end of June.

Turning our eyes to Europe, we also find members of the Canadian Armed Forces engaged in supporting our allies and actively contributing to NATO's strengthened deterrence and defence posture.

As part of Operation Reassurance, we are demonstrating our commitment, our solidarity, and our engagement to NATO and its allies through the protection of allied territories and populations, by reinforcing NATO's collective defence, and preserving stability in the face of a resurgent Russia.

The Canadian Armed Forces is also taking a leadership role in Europe. In June, Canada will be one of four nations commanding a battle group in Latvia, and will deploy up to 455 personnel as part of NATO's enhanced forward presence, making this the largest sustained Canadian military presence in Europe in more than a decade. In addition to these capabilities, more than $140 million of the funding in the main estimates will be devoted to the NATO contribution program, helping fund key alliance activities.

Under Operation Unifier, which was recently renewed, approximately 200 troops are contributing to our government's overall efforts in Ukraine to help that country remain sovereign, secure, and stable. Since 2015, Canada has trained more than 4,300 Ukrainian soldiers, helping them build military capacity.

Our military contributions in Iraq and Europe may be the most sizable, but on any given day, Canadian military members can be found in just about any part of the globe. This includes the Sinai Peninsula where Canada has kept a presence as part of the multinational force and observers since 1985, or in the Caribbean Sea and Eastern Pacific, where for the past 11 years the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force have been working with partner nations to fight illicit drug trafficking and narco-terrorism as well as deter criminal activity. During that time, Canadian ships have helped to seize and disrupt more than 66 tonnes of cocaine and four tonnes of marijuana.

These are just a few examples of the contributions that members of the Canadian Armed Forces are making on the world stage day in and day out. Wherever they go, our military personnel are respected for their professionalism, their leadership, and for their ability to work with other nations. (2120) [Translation]

They are making a difference, and Canadians have every reason to be proud of them. The defence policy review undertaken last year carefully looked at how our military contributes to international operations. I know all members of this House, and indeed all Canadians, are eager to see the results of this review when the new defence policy is released in just over a week.[English]

However, going forward we can expect that the government will continue to call upon the Canadian Armed Forces to engage in the global security environment and to promote Canadian values and interests.

The operational costs in the main estimates provide a glimpse into the investments required for the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces to continue their contributions to security and stability around the globe. I think that all members will agree that these are essential investments, as they will provide our women and men in uniform with the resources necessary for them to accomplish the demanding tasks that we ask of them.

Mr. Chair, with your indulgence, I will turn to some questions that I have.

My first question is about Operation Impact. We have all read the headlines about the threat posed by Daesh. The horrible and tragic events at Manchester just last week are a testament to that. This organization advocates a radical interpretation of Islam and claims religious authority over all Muslims. Since 2014, Canada has participated in the U.S.-led global coalition to defeat Daesh.

I would like to ask the parliamentary secretary how the Canadian Armed Forces are contributing to coalition operations in Iraq.”

Mr. Jean Rioux

May 29th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...n the fight against terrorism and instability as a strong member of NATO, as a strong member of the coalition against Daesh, and as a positive actor on the world stage. We renewed and enhanced our whole-of-government approach to the fight against Daesh, with a focus on training, advising, and assisting local security forces. We have also expanded our intelligence capability; are conducting air-to-air refuelling as well as aerial intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions; and are leading a coalition medical facility in the Erbil region. Our government extended Operation Impact until June ...”

Ms. Sheri Benson (Saskatoon West, NDP)

May 17th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ment enforce this law.

Unions and their members have long been the proverbial canaries in the coal mine, raising the alarm on many important issues, and any attempt by the Conservatives, whether...”

Ms. Sheila Malcolmson (Nanaimo—Ladysmith, NDP)

May 17th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...a critique of the federal government for decades, including from the United Nations, OXFAM, and the coalition of more than 180 organizations that urged the previous government and this one to endorse ...”

Hon. Chrystia Freeland (Minister of Foreign Affairs, Lib.)

May 17th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ia. I was very pleased to announce earlier today that Canada will seek to co-chair the Equal Rights Coalition, a group of 33 governments committed to promoting and protecting the rights of LGBTQ2 people around the world. One of the coalition's recent priorities is addressing the deplorable human rights violations against gay and b...”

Mr. Peter Fragiskatos (London North Centre, Lib.)

May 17th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...plomats shows that Canada is certainly up to the challenge.

Let me now speak about the global coalition to counter Daesh, a coalition that consists of 68 countries and organizations from various regions around the world. With this coalition, we see that states all around the world share a common resolve for peace and stability and the fight against terrorism.

Our Canadian Armed Forces contribute to the global coalition through Operation Impact, which was recently extended by this government until June 2017. We are proud to be part of efforts which have liberated over two million people in Iraq and reduced Daesh's territory by more than 60% in Iraq and 30% in Syria.

Under Operation Impact, the Canadian Armed Forces conduct air operations, including surveillance and refuelling, provide training, advice and assistance to the Iraqi security forces, and provide capacity building to regional forces. Canada's contribution of 50 additional CAF medical personnel and support equipment to northern Iraq is a concrete example of Canada's ability to leverage expertise while complementing the work of coalition partners to maximum effect.

Underpinning Canada's military operations, we are supporting civilian-led efforts to prevent the flow of funding to Daesh and to stem the flow of foreign terrorist fighters, including through the coalition working groups.

Canada is investing resources to prevent and counter the spread of violent extremism. It is our view that addressing conditions conducive to violent extremism and terrorism are essential to combatting the expansion of Daesh. An overarching goal is to build better capacity of partners within the region to handle the current security challenges and to prepare them for new ones as they emerge. (2150)

Let me focus now on Iraq. I would like to speak about Iraq, and then I will transition to the Syrian situation. Canada supports a united, stable, and diverse Iraqi society. This has been our policy for years, and it is the backbone of our engagement and all of the programming that we see throughout the country. The promotion and protection of peaceful pluralism, respect for diversity, and for all human rights is an integral part of Canada's work in Iraq. A multi-ethnic, multi-faith, and inclusive society, Canada is well positioned to champion these values internationally by sharing Canadian experience and expertise.

We are also supporting the Iraqi government's efforts to mend ethnic and sectarian divisions, and to improve governance. This is why Canada's three-year strategy focuses on building local capacity at all levels, including Iraq's security forces and governance structures. Canada is certainly not alone in supporting the government and people of Iraq. We are working with the coalition to support Iraq's efforts to fight Daesh, hold Daesh members accountable for their terrible crimes, and provide a safe and stable environment for a diverse range of communities across the country.

We are also seeking to achieve some of these goals through the UN where we have called on the Security Council to take these steps to ensure that those responsible for the atrocities committed by Daesh in Iraq and Syria are held accountable. Daesh's actions are an affront to human dignity, international law, and to Canadian values of peaceful pluralism and respect for diversity. The atrocities perpetrated by Daesh have affected communities in Iraq, including the Shia and Sunni Muslim populations, Yazidis, Christians, and the list goes on unfortunately.

This is why our continued engagement in Iraq is so important, and why we created a multi-year strategy to focus on efforts in the region. As we move forward with our strategy in Iraq, we must remember that the international community is also working together to support Iraq, and by looking to global institutions like the UN, the coalition, and NATO, we can rally support and coordinate efforts.

Syria has witnessed six year...”

Hon. Andrew Leslie (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Foreign Affairs (Canada-U.S. Relations), Lib.)

May 17th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...e Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Minister of National Defence shortly.

There is also the coalition to counter Daesh, wherein Canada is a key member of this 68-member coalition. The minister attended the ministerial meeting in Washington, DC, hosted by Secretary Till...”

Ms. Brigitte Sansoucy (Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot, NDP)

May 16th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...s work to raise awareness; the Syndicat des agricultrices de la région de Saint-Hyacinthe; and the Coalition des femmes de la MRC Les Maskoutains. These groups expect more. They expect better. They e...”

Mr. Jean Rioux (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National Defence, Lib.)

May 16th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...tre, and his hard work, personal bravery, and dogged determination undoubtedly saved a multitude of Coalition lives. Through his courage and dedication, [the minister] has single-handedly changed the ...”

Mr. Marc Miller (Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Infrastructure and Communities, Lib.)

May 12th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...tentialities for transmission lines and hydro projects in the north, taking the north off diesel or coal, or rural communities where needed, where we consult with the parties and they feel that is nec...”

Ms. Sheila Malcolmson (Nanaimo—Ladysmith, NDP)

May 12th
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...rcial and sport fisheries, and on tourism. The anchorages are initially intended to support thermal coal exports from Wyoming to China, which is the icing on the cake as to why this is such a terrible...”

Marc Miller (Liberal)

May 11th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...rural and smaller communities cannot. In the case specifically of getting communities off diesel or coal, these are projects that may be of some interest to the bank itself, but also to the $2 billion...”

Linda Duncan (NDP)

May 11th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ated in the United States of America? Is the government thinking of export power lines perhaps from coal-fired power in Alberta and Saskatchewan? How does this benefit taxpayers? The law empowers the ...”

Peter Fragiskatos (Liberal)

May 11th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ional investments include, among others, interprovincial transmission lines that reduce reliance on coal-fired power generation; the development of new low-carbon, renewable power projects; the expans...”

François Choquette (NDP)

May 11th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ange, since there are going to be more and more extreme weather events.

The 2017 Green Budget Coalition has made some very important recommendations regarding investment in natural infrastructures and ecosystems. The following is an excerpt from one of the recommendations:

The Green Budget Coalition recommends that in Budget 2017 the Government of Canada allocate 30% of planned phase-2 Gr...”

Cathy McLeod (Conservative)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...is is impacting communities and families across Canada. My home of British Columbia has been on the coalface, where the addictive use of drugs is now playing Russian roulette. Users never know when th...”

James Bezan (Conservative)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ter of defence was clearly focused on Canada's decision to withdraw its CF-18 fighter jets from the coalition air strikes, asking the [Minister of National Defence] to reconsider this decision on nume...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... the fight against Daesh, and Canadians are now making an even greater impact as part of the global coalition, and we are seeing results. Canadian Forces are part of a broader whole-of-government appr...”

John McKay (Liberal)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...tre, and his hard work, personal bravery, and dogged determination undoubtedly saved a multitude of Coalition lives.

My hon. colleagues do not want to listen to what General Fraser has to say.

Cathay Wagantall (Conservative)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...tee have publicly stated that they are in favour of stricter gun controls or in fact members of the Coalition for Gun Control. Only two members of this committee have a firearms background.

Thes...”

John McKay (Liberal)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...tre, and his hard work, personal bravery, and dogged determination undoubtedly saved a multitude of Coalition lives. Through his courage and dedication, [the minister] has single-handedly changed the ...”

Karen McCrimmon (Liberal)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...f the best who get that kind of ringing endorsement. The minister has earned the high praise of our coalition partners.

I love the article by Chris Vernon. If members have not read the article, ...”

Michelle Rempel (Conservative)

May 8th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ster of Defence was clearly focused on Canada's decision to withdraw its CF18 fighter jets from the coalition air strikes, asking [the defence minister] to reconsider this decision on numerous occasio...”

Catherine McKenna (Liberal)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...eoples. This includes putting a price on pollution, making polluters pay. This includes phasing out coal by 2030. This includes historic investments in public transit, in green infrastructure, and in ...”

Andrew Leslie (Liberal)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...matter up with the United States, just as the Prime Minister did with the U.S. President.

The coalition never offered conditions that Canada could accept. We want a good agreement, not just any ...”

Kelly McCauley (Conservative)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ith. He does not have to be told about that $150 billion because he remembers the Liberal Party, in coalition with the Bloc Québécois and the NDP, demanding that billions more be added to the defici...”

Linda Duncan (NDP)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ment, this is something that it is proceeding on with the workers of the province, including in the coal-fired power industry and for the oil sands industry. It is something that the Germans are pursu...”

Bob Bratina (Liberal)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ally the best friends of American steel and vice versa. For example, the ability for us to exchange coal and iron ore between the two countries gives us a huge environmental advantage over countries l...”

Robert Sopuck (Conservative)

May 5th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...mals. These people are a danger to rural and remote communities. The seal hunt is the canary in the coal mine. As somebody who has fought the animal rights movement and the people who want to shut down communities like the one I represent, the seal hunt, the canary in the coal mine, the tip of the iceberg, pick a metaphor, whether it is anti-logging, anti-trapping, anti-hunting, anti-mining, and, quite frankly, anti-oil and gas, it is the rural communities that bear the brunt of these campaigns. One of the reasons I became a member of Parliament was to protect and defend rural communities. I have had experiences fighting the good fight on all these issues.

Interestingly enough, again going back to the animal rights movement and the animal rights groups, these people do not care about cuddly animals. They want an end to all animal use, farming, ranching, trapping, and sealing of course, and sealing is the easiest target. However, if we look at all their websites, they also want an end to animal-based medical research. I do not know if members in the House realize it, but when I met with the Heart and Stroke Foundation some time ago, I asked point blank how much of the cardiac research was done on animals and it was 60%. Again, these anti-animal use campaigns can be extremely harmful.

I will also talk about the unfairness of countries that ban seal products. The European ban was completely uncalled for. It is easy for another country to point fingers at another jurisdiction and pay no political price for it, while being made to look like people who care about the environment. The U.S. Marine Mammal Protection Act prevents seal products from entering the U.S., no matter how abundant seals are. (1400)

The animal rights movement caused a decrease in the seal harvest, and as colleagues talked about a minute ago, the number of harp seals has increased dramatically, from 1.8 million in 1970 to about 7.4 million now; and grey seals, from 13,000 in 1970 to 505,000 now. There are varying estimates, but the seals consume between 10 and 15 times what the east coast fleet harvests. It is quite clearly established that the high grey seal populations are preventing a recovery of the gulf cod.

Not that long ago, our fisheries committee submitted two reports to Parliament, one on Atlantic salmon and one on northern cod. In both studies, the seals were implicated in the decline of the Atlantic salmon in particular, and in the prevention of the recovery of the cod as well. Both committee reports recommended an expanded seal harvest, done humanely but expanded, to reduce the numbers of these seal species to improve the populations of Atlantic salmon and cod.

Nobody wants to wipe out the seals. However, I think it is our duty as human stewards of this earth to restore a balance that is completely out of whack right now.

I had the honour many years ago of doing work in the eastern Arctic, around Southampton Island, on Arctic char, and I had the honour of living with an Inuit family. I participated in a seal hunt and a walrus hunt. I have had a lot of experience in the outdoors, but I have had some Arctic experience. I do know what it is like to plunge one's hand into a freshly killed walrus and experience the joy and exuberance of the hunt when one is successful. It was an experience that I will cherish. I have eaten raw seal, raw walrus, and I found the tastes interesting, to say the least. It can be good.

I am very pleased, as well, to see an increase in demand for seal products, the seal oil, the high levels of omega 3. We have companies that are exploiting this. I applaud my colleague and the colleagues from all parties who support our traditions of sealing, hunting, trapping, and fishing. Many of us belong to an organization called the outdoor caucus, and I see a number of members wearing an outdoor caucus pin.

I want to finish up with the tale of Bill C-246. As we know, a Liberal member of Parliament introduced a private member's bill that many of us viewed as a closet animal rights bill. I was very pleased to see that many Liberal members of Parliament, and almost all Conservative members of Parliament, worked very hard to defeat that particular bill. We motivated people from all across the country to build a coalition of sealers, trappers, hunters, anglers, and medical researchers, who realized the implicat...”

Ed Fast (Conservative)

May 4th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...nounced that he is reducing the U.S. corporate tax rate from 35% down to 15%, and re-energizing the coal industry to deliver cheaper electricity to manufacturers. In Canada, we are going in the opposite direction, increasing taxes on our businesses and foisting astronomically expensive electricity costs on our job creators in places like Ontario.

Kevin Libin, writing in the National Post last week, commented:

As our G7 competitors have trimmed away at corporate tax rates, Canada’s average rates only grew, moving us from one of the most attractive to one of the least attractive in just a few years. Trump’s tax plan will make us look much, much worse. (1150)

That is disgraceful, to take a country that was a leader in competitiveness when it comes to taxes and lose that competitive advantage.

This does not end well. The Canadian Chamber of Commerce implored the federal government to reduce business costs and improve Canada's economic competitiveness. In fact, CEO Perrin Beatty had this to say:

Investment crosses borders like light through glass. If we continue to allow a growing gap between what it costs to do business in Canada and the costs our competitors face, businesses will be forced to locate their activities elsewhere.

Let me repeat, they will “locate their activities elsewhere”.

One organization that reached out to my office is the recently formed Coalition of Concerned Manufacturers of Ontario. They include the Canadian Federation of Independent...”

Andrew Leslie (Liberal)

May 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...matter up with the United States, just as the Prime Minister did with the U.S. President.

The coalition never offered conditions that Canada could accept. We want a good agreement, not just any ...”

Ed Fast (Conservative)

May 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...en she should be in Calgary?

The Prime Minister should be listening to Jocelyn Bamford of the Coalition of Concerned Manufacturers, who said that we are standing on a beach with a tidal wave cal...”

Kim Rudd (Liberal)

May 4th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...carbon pollution is only one part of the climate plan, which includes accelerating the phase-out of coal, developing a clean fuel standard, and taking action on short-lived climate pollutants. Canada'...”

James Bezan (Conservative)

May 3rd
Hansard Link

Privilege

“...ter of defence was clearly focused on Canada's decision to withdraw its CF-18 fighter jets from the coalition air strikes, asking the [Defence Minister] to reconsider this decision on numerous occasio...”

Randall Garrison (NDP)

May 3rd
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...ful, for instance, currently of refugees.

I had the privilege of meeting earlier today with a coalition of groups that support gay and lesbian transgender refugees from around the world. We talk...”

James Bezan (Conservative)

May 3rd
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...he opposition and I think Canadians would prefer to see our troops deployed to fight terrorism in a coalition that is not under UN command.

The crux of the problem is that we have an organizatio...”

Cathay Wagantall (Conservative)

May 2nd
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...ither publicly stated that they are in favour of stricter gun control or are in fact members of the Coalition for Gun Control.

Only two members of this committee have a firearms background. Law-...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

May 2nd
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...er of National Defence, I am making sure we have all the right tools. We work very closely with our coalition partners in making sure, as we have done as government, we are taking a leadership role at...”

Mark Eyking (Liberal)

April 11th
Hansard Link

Statements by Members

“...lost his life later in Passchendaele.

These young men came from farming, fishing, lumber, and coal mining families. I ask members in this House to join with me in remembering them and the thousa...”

Fin Donnelly (NDP)

April 11th
Hansard Link

Statements by Members

“...housing.

I am proud to support this vision. I call on the federal government to work with the Coalition for a Healthy Riverview to help create this national centre for mental health excellence ...”

James Bezan (Conservative)

April 11th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...to protect Canadian sovereignty, to participate in NATO operations, as well as participate in other coalition activities, as we do from time to time.

When the Conservative Party was in governmen...”

Romeo Saganash (NDP)

April 10th
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...gh. That is the party's decision, to go with it.

In November 2015, the Land Claims Agreements Coalition, which includes first nations in the Yukon, wrote to the Minister of Indigenous Affairs re...”

Sheila Malcolmson (NDP)

April 10th
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...cess, the government cannot say that it is fulfilling that promise when in September of last year a coalition of indigenous leaders from across the entire continent, including Stewart Phillip of the U...”

Catherine McKenna (Liberal)

April 7th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“... am very pleased that the Mining Association of Canada is a member of the carbon pricing leadership coalition. It understands that putting a price on carbon pollution not only reduces emissions, but i...”

Rachel Blaney (NDP)

April 7th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, hidden in plain sight in this year's budget was a big lump of coal for our military. By consistently deflecting to the upcoming defence policy review, the Ministe...”

Joël Godin (Conservative)

April 7th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...rd to pronounce—black carbon, and methane. We also established new rules to reduce emissions from coal-fired power plants.

Furthermore, we put in place measures to support the development of c...”

Marc Garneau (Liberal)

April 6th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“... Halton law association, the Hamilton-Halton Women's Lawyers Association, and the Hamilton Taxpayer Coalition, of which she is president.

We all know how important it is for port authorities to ...”

Bill Casey (Liberal)

April 5th
Hansard Link

Statements by Members

“Mr. Speaker, the abandoned coal mines of Springhill, Nova Scotia have been sealed-off for more than 60 years. However, for the ...”

Justin Trudeau (Liberal)

April 5th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, on our commitment to continue as a valuable member of the coalition against Daesh, we were very clear in the election campaign that we would look for ways tha...”

Justin Trudeau (Liberal)

April 5th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...

Our allies were rightly interested in how Canada was going to continue to participate in the coalition against Daesh, how we were going to continue to demonstrate that Canada is a valuable part...”

Kennedy Stewart (NDP)

April 4th
Hansard Link

The Budget

“...nment that held renewable energy in nearly overt contempt. Anything that did not burn oil, gas, and coal was not worth the time of day as far as the Conservatives were concerned. Then came the Liberal...”

Gord Johns (NDP)

April 4th
Hansard Link

The Budget

“...ons in the riding of Courtenay—Alberni working hard to end homelessness, such as the Comox Valley Coalition to End Homelessness, Dawn to Dawn, the Port Alberni Shelter Society, and the Oceanside Tas...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...ake it very seriously. That is why I spent two separate trips going into the region, talking to our coalition partners, talking to the regional leadership there, to make sure we have a plan that is ac...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, I have had numerous discussions with my coalition partners and the Iraqi leadership, including the Peshmerga, to get a good understanding of what is happening on the ground, to look at what we needed to do in the future. That is exactly what we have done. We put a plan in place that actually provides value to the coalition, and those are the results that we are having right now. We will continue to be a responsible partner to any coalition we belong to.”

James Bezan (Conservative)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, the minister is not listening to our coalition partners. Nobody can believe him anymore.

Let me read a direct quote from the foreig...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“Mr. Speaker, I would like to remind the member opposite that, when it comes to being a good coalition partner, we have to talk with the coalition and look at the situation on ground to be able to actually understand what the needs are. ...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...ions with the previous minister of defence from Iraq, as well as the current one. We spoke with the coalition partners and have also taken a regional approach, because that is what we need to do to be a responsible coalition partner. I have worked in coalitions before. We need to be able to provide the right resources at the right time, and that is ...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...hree months to make sure that we have the right information, that we have good discussions with our coalition partners; it allows us to make an appropriate plan so that we continue to have a good impa...”

Marc Garneau (Liberal)

April 4th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“... County Law Association, the Hamilton-Halton Women's Lawyers Association, and the Hamilton Taxpayer Coalition, of which she is president.

We are very pleased—”

Jenny Kwan (NDP)

April 3rd
Hansard Link

The Budget

“...rning and child care, zero; improving indigenous communities, zero; accelerating the replacement of coal generated electricity, zero; veterans emergency funds, zero; veterans and family well-being fun...”

Anne Minh-Thu Quach (NDP)

April 3rd
Hansard Link

The Budget

“...er, has decreased its emissions dramatically primarily by intervening in its most polluting sector, coal-fired power. Canada still prefers to continue to ignore the sector that is its largest polluter...”

Jean Rioux (Liberal)

March 21st
Hansard Link

Adjournment Proceedings

“...mbers of the House are well aware, they are accomplishing a wide variety of tasks in support of the coalition. Our CAF personnel are contributing a great deal to this success, and we remain committed ...”

Hélène Laverdière (NDP)

March 20th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...ronto, Cycle Toronto, Ontario By Bike, Glacier Raft Company, Golden, B.C., Greater Victoria Cycling Coalition, BC Healthy Living Alliance, Saskatoon Cycles, Jane's Walk, in Ontario, Vélo Québec, Pi...”

Wayne Stetski (NDP)

March 20th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...roups, of course. They include whitewater rafters in British Columbia, the Greater Victoria Cycling Coalition, BC Healthy Living Alliance, Saskatoon Cycles, Canada Bikes, Citizens for Safe Cycling, Wa...”

Harjit S. Sajjan (Liberal)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... than 4,000 Canadian Armed Forces personnel served in the Persian Gulf as part of the international coalition of countries that forced the invading forces of Iraq from neighbouring Kuwait. (1045)

Our brave service men and women also made their mark this century battling terrorism and helping bring democracy to Afghanistan. The mission involved over 40,000 of our personnel, the largest deployment since the Second World War. The Canadian Forces' critical role in various wars has put Canada on the world stage, earning the respect and admiration of our allies and opposing forces alike. So too has our unwavering determination to keep the peace. More than 26,000 Canadians answered the call of a newly formed United Nations to help maintain international peace and security in Korea in the early 1950s. Canadians have taken part in repeated peacekeeping missions ever since, from the Suez Canal to the Sinai and Cyprus to Bosnia and Somalia. Time and again, Canadian Armed Forces members have been willing to put their lives at risk, whether courageously defending our country's values or contributing to international peace and security.

This proud heritage carries on today as the world community continues to look to the Canadian Armed Forces in times of need. Our current operations around the globe reinforce that the Canadian Armed Forces does not let countries in a crisis down.

I can point to our personnel's work in the Middle East. This includes Operation Artemis, our counterterrorism and maritime security operations across the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aden, the Gulf of Oman, and the Indian Ocean.

For Operation Impact, Canada's contribution to the Middle East stabilization force, the multinational coalition to degrade and ultimately defeat Daesh, the Canadian Armed Forces has deployed some 830 highly skilled personnel to conduct air operations, provide training and assistance to Iraqi security forces, increase the capabilities of regional forces, and provide medical services to the coalition forces. As of March 6, the Aurora has surveyed some 5,300 points of interest while the Polaris aircraft has delivered some 40.5 million pounds of fuel to coalition aircraft. This is what our Canadian Armed Forces personnel contribute.

Then there is...”

Randall Garrison (NDP)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“.... They can now serve and are now an important part of what we can contribute to those international coalitions and obligations.

The one part I am concerned about and that my party is concerned a...”

Rachel Blaney (NDP)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...ke coordination and armed reconnaissance coordination that will provide critical information to the coalition forces. If required, they can provide search and rescue missions. As of March 4, 2017, Aur...”

Cheryl Gallant (Conservative)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...econd-class treatment from a Prime Minister who devalues the dangers they face every day. All other coalition soldiers receive special compensation through reduced taxation on their earnings. Last Sep...”

Leona Alleslev (Liberal)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...sible for command and control of Operation Impact, as well as for the coordination of operations at coalition headquarters. Joint Task Force-Iraq is collecting and processing intelligence, helping to ...”

Jean-Claude Poissant (Liberal)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Statements by Members

“...he Great Big Crunch, an event organized by FoodShare in partnership with Food Secure Canada and the Coalition for Healthy School Food.

I am proud to be the principal partner for this day for the...”

Cathay Wagantall (Conservative)

March 9th
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... dangers inherent in the region. There may be times when they will have to defend themselves, their coalition partners, or the forces they are mentoring.” However, his department decided they did no...”

Pierre Poilievre (Conservative)

March 7th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...arbon black is a material produced by the incomplete combustion of heavy petroleum products such as coal tar. Carbon black is used to produce pigment for ink, the kind of ink the government is using t...”

Luc Berthold (Conservative)

March 7th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...nation? Why is it so important that we address this issue today? I would like to quote the Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness, which said:

Genetic discrimination occurs when people are treated unfairly because of actual or perceived differences in their genetic information that may cause or increase the risk to develop a disorder or disease.

We are not talking about someone with a disease, or someone who is suffering, or someone undergoing treatment. We are talking about someone who may have a gene that could eventually result in that person developing a disease.

The Coalition goes on to provide examples.

For example, a health insurer might refuse to give coverage to a woman who has a genetic difference that raises her odds of getting ovarian cancer. Employers also could use genetic information to decide whether to hire, promote or terminate workers.

This is all based on the results of a genetic test. The Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness also said:

The fear of discrimination can discourage individuals from making decisions and choices, which may be in their best interest. For example, a person may decide not to have a genetic test for fear of consequences to their career or the loss of insurance for their family, despite knowing that early detection and treatment could improve their health and longevity.

That is what the Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness has said and how it describes the situation.

The concrete examp...”

Don Davies (NDP)

March 7th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...of witnesses supported the legislation as originally proposed. This view was echoed by the Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness, a diverse alliance of organizations that advocate on behalf of the f...”

Pam Damoff (Liberal)

March 7th
Hansard Link

Private Members' Business

“...rocketed to almost 35,000, with tests available for more than 10,000 conditions.

The Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness is a group of 18 organizations dedicated to establishing protections from genetic discrimination for all Canadians. Members include the ALS Society of Canada, the Alzheimer Society of Canada, Muscular Dystrophy Canada, the MS Society of Canada, Osteoporosis Canada, and 13 more. They have stated that cases of genetic discrimination have been documented in Canada and are continuing to grow. As they remind us, all Canadians are impacted by genetic discrimination. Each of us has dozens of genetic mutations that could increase or decrease our risk of getting diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, Parkinson's, or Alzheimer's disease.

While I was aware that genetic testing was available, like most Canadians I had not given it a lot of thought. While I knew that my father's colon cancer made it more likely for me to develop the same cancer, there was not a genetic test available for that particular cancer. I knew about the BRCA gene and its connection to breast and ovarian cancer, but it was not until last year, when I had a meeting with Ovarian Cancer Canada, that I was shocked to learn of the discrimination that is taking place in our country based on genetics.

Ovarian cancer is an insidious disease that is notoriously hard to detect. There is no reliable early detection test. It is the third most common reproductive cancer in women and one of the most deadly. I was told the story of two sisters who had a history of ovarian cancer in their family. Their doctors recommended genetic testing, as their prognosis would greatly improve with the knowledge gained from these tests. One sister had the testing, was positive for the gene, and had surgery to remove her ovaries. The other sister was told her insurance would be cancelled if she tested positive, so despite the fact that the test could potentially save her life, she was afraid to risk losing her insurance and did not get genetic testing.

Just last night, I received a letter from a constituent who wished to stay anonymous out of fear of discrimination. She disclosed that she and her daughter had a genetic test that found that they both had a gene that could leave them blind. She questioned the fairness of allowing a simple genetic test to undermine her future access to employment and insurance, and she worried about her daughter and the effect it could have on her career and future. She reminded me that we live in Canada, a country where we celebrate our differences. We protect one another from race, colour, sex, and disability discrimination.

In an article posted yesterday, representatives from Ovarian Cancer Canada and the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs wrote:

For a young woman taking her first steps in building a professional career, the “wrong” genetic test results can impose a new glass ceiling....

Tomorrow is International Women's Day, and members of this House will have an opportunity to enhance women's health by allowing them to use genetic testing for early detection, monitoring, and intervention without the fear of being discriminated against. (1755)

Last year I had the opportunity to speak with Rabbi Stephen Wise from the Shaarei-Beth El congregation in Oakville. He shared with me the prevalence of certain genetic diseases within the Jewish community. He said that Bill S-201 would save lives. In fact, the Centre for Israel and Jewish Affairs, a member of the Canadian Coalition for Genetic Fairness, which appeared as a witness before the justice committee, stated, ...”

Catherine McKenna (Liberal)

February 24th
Hansard Link

Oral Questions

“...e to work with the Government of Saskatchewan on our climate change plan; for example, to phase out coal and to invest in innovation. I also had the chance to go to Saskatchewan. I listened to farmers...”

Alexandre Boulerice (NDP)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...gas emissions because it lowered energy consumption in places where people heated with gas, oil, or coal; and it created jobs because people and small businesses needed workers to replace windows and ...”

Cheryl Gallant (Conservative)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...hind Ontario's energy disaster are now running the country”. The author then asks, “Phasing out coal, a feverish pursuit of green energy, new tax regimes—where have we all heard this before?”

Posted December 7, 2016, by Graeme Gordon, it sets out in clear language the carbon tax controversy in Ontario and what Canadians can expect with the same person in charge in Ottawa. Quoting the CBC:

It is uncontroversial to call Ontario's energy situation a disaster. As [the liberal Premier] has herself conceded: Ontarians are now having to choose between paying the electricity bill and buying food or paying rent.

The article then clearly points out who was responsible for the carbon tax on electricity fiasco in Ontario, the Prime Minister's top adviser, Gerald Butts.

...it was former premier Dalton McGuinty and his Liberal team from 2003 to 2012—including his former principal secretary and “policy guru” Gerald Butts—who set Ontario onto this financially bleak, dead-end road. And now, Butts is headed on the same path, leading not the Premier, but the Prime Minister, on the way down.

Butts was, according to the Toronto Star, “the man they call 'the brains behind the operation” and the “policy architect of the Liberal government since 2003.”

Butts departed from McGuinty's government in 2008, but not before he and the Ontario Liberal team set the stage for the ill-fated Green Energy Act, in part, by signing onto dubious wind power projects and its cripplingly inefficient Renewable Energy Standard Offer Program (RESOP).

Let us be clear, as the CBC pointed out:

Butts himself takes—credit for initially enacting and seeing through those energy policies.

As the Toronto Star reported in 2012, “On his biography page at the WWF website, Butts cites how he was 'intimately' involved with the McGuinty government's environmental initiatives.” Another Canadian Press article made it clear that Ontario's energy policy was Butts' design, “McGuinty's plan came from his senior adviser, Gerald Butts.”

Butts has graduated to the halls of Parliament Hill as [the Prime Minister's] own principal secretary, leaving behind a province still paying the price, literally, for his tenure. His promise to eliminate coal, for example—a worthy gambit, if done fiscally responsibly—cost Ontario consumers an extra $37 billion between 2006 and 2014, according to an auditor general, and is expected to cost another $133 billion from 2015 to 2032. (1140)

Let us read what else the CBC had to say about Gerald Butts:

Now he's doubling down, via the prime minister, on his green energy gambit by promising to enact carbon pricing regimes (read: tax) on all provinces by 2018 and phasing out coal by 2030, even as our neighbour and biggest competitor [the United States] moves in the opposite direction. How team...[Butts] sees a carbon-priced Canada competing against the U.S. on an off-kilter playing field confounds most people's common sense....

The federal Liberals, under the stewardship of Butts, has already run a projected $30 billion deficit in its first year in office.

This comes after promising a $10 billion deficit for each of the first three years. It is a $60 billion broken promise.

Phasing out all coal by 2030 will have a cost that will add to that deficit. (This sounds awfully familiar, no?) For...”

Francesco Sorbara (Liberal)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...t strongly in support of a price on pollution by joining the World Bank's carbon pricing leadership coalition. It is why many leading corporations, including Suncor, Canadian Tire, and General Electri...”

Cathay Wagantall (Conservative)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...aking things better. We already do some of the best farming and best industry in the country.

Coal in Estevan was visited by the minister, and she made very little mention of it. I am wondering ...”

Kelly McCauley (Conservative)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...he Conservative government that established regulations to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the coal-fired electricity sector. We were the first country to ban the construction of traditional coal units under these guidelines. Our previous Conservative government also pursued a responsible s...”

Jonathan Wilkinson (Liberal)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“... in the framework include the following: accelerating the phase-out of highly polluting traditional coal power; developing a clean fuels standard to stimulate greater user of biofuels; investing in pu...”

Robert Sopuck (Conservative)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...is simply math. The math also says, if we look at what China is doing right now, it is building two coal-fired projects every single week.

How does the carbon tax, or, more correctly, a carbon d...”

Linda Duncan (NDP)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...>The reason Alberta moved forward first, and then the Liberal government followed, in shutting down coal-fired power sooner was not simply because it was one of the largest sources of carbon in Albert...”

Dan Albas (Conservative)

February 23rd
Hansard Link

Business of Supply

“...rors.

Let me explain. Not long ago, the Liberals made hoopla announcing that they were ending coal burning power by 2030, despite the fact that most provinces already do not utilize coal power or are already on the way to doing precisely that. It sounded like the Liberals were taking action, yet quietly, the Liberals turned around and gave extensions to the two provinces that use coal power to continue doing so after the year 2030. In other words, that announcement was also all ...”

Carol Hughes (NDP)

February 22nd
Hansard Link

Routine Proceedings

“...ore than 500 individuals, in support of the Algoma passenger train service. It was sponsored by the Coalition for Algoma Passenger Trains, which created two online petitions as well as postcard and paper petition campaigns.[Translation]

The Coalition for Algoma Passenger Trains wants to remind the government that for more than 100 years th...”

Joël Godin (Conservative)

February 21st
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...illor; Alan Wells, chair of the Rouge Park Alliance; Heather Moeser, former executive member of the Coalition of Scarborough Community Associations ; Keith Laushway, chair of the Waterfront Regenerati...”

Jim Eglinski (Conservative)

February 21st
Hansard Link

Government Orders

“...ght now. Yellowhead also has active mining, and it is an energy-producing region with oil, gas, and coal.

However, tourism is one of Yellowhead's economic drivers, because of Jasper National Par...”


The Senate

Hon. Dennis Glen Patterson

June 21st
Hansard Link

Heavy Fuel Oil Third Reading

“...he Marine Environment Protection Committee plenary sessions. These six are part of an environmental coalition campaigning for sustainable practices in circumpolar regions and were granted a closed-doo...”

Senator McIntyre

June 20th
Hansard Link

Recognition of Charlottetown as the Birthplace of Confederation Bill Third Reading—Debate Continued

“... narratives as to how Confederation came about. One of these highlights the importance of the Great Coalition of 1864 between the Province of Canada, led by George Brown, and the United Reformers and ...”

Hon. Yuen Pau Woo

June 20th
Hansard Link

Budget Implementation Bill, 2017, No. 1 Eighteenth Report of National Finance Committee Presented

“... Public Health of Quebec, the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, and the Toronto Cancer Prevention Coalition.

Let me quote first the representative of the World Health Organization, Dr. Saxena.

When we look at prices, taxes or revenues over time, we should always look at the real values.

I'm always impressed by doctors who understand economics. Continuing:

. . . excise rates should be adjusted annually to keep pace with the cost of living in the future . . . .

Let me now cite Fiona Nelson, from the Toronto Cancer Prevention Coalition. The provision to increase the excise duty rates on alcohol products by 2 per cent and sub...”

Hon. Nicole Eaton

June 19th
Hansard Link

Framework on Palliative Care in Canada Bill Second Reading—Debate Suspended

“... has been done developing a framework structure through the support of the Quality End-of-life Care Coalition, made up of 37 member organizations across the country. This framework structure is a road...”

Hon. Tony Dean

June 19th
Hansard Link

Budget Implementation Bill, 2017, No. 1 Motion to Instruct National Finance Committee to Divide Bill into Two Bills Negatived

“...portant discussion with some major differences of view and a number of interests, some of which are coalescing and falling apart in a number of interesting ways. Those interests are strikingly transpa...”

Hon. David Tkachuk

June 13th
Hansard Link

Non-Nuclear Sanctions Against Iran Bill Third Reading—Debate Adjourned

“...l in the Senate but I am by no means the sole author of it. I worked very closely with the Canadian Coalition Against Terror and with the victims of Iranian terror, who not only initiated this bill bu...”

Hon. Jane Cordy

June 13th
Hansard Link

Palliative Care Inquiry—Debate Adjourned

“...>The Way Forward, a recent three-year federally funded project, led by the Quality End-of-life Care Coalition of Canada, has developed a national framework to implement an integrated palliative approach to care. The coalition itself is made up of 39 national health organizations, including the Canadian Medical Association, Canadian Nurses Association and the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association. In this pan-Canadian initiative, the coalition worked with federal, provincial and territorial policy-makers, health care providers, orga...”

Senator Munson

June 8th
Hansard Link

Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Second Reading—Debate Continued

“... by the Canadian Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth developed by a coalition of six national organizations led by the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, CHEO. Nea...”

Hon. Daniel Christmas

June 6th
Hansard Link

The Late Greg MacLeod Congratulations on Honorary Degree from Simon Fraser University

“... oldest community development corporation in Canada.

It was in 1969, during the time that the coal mines in Cape Breton began closing and the steel industry fell into decline, that Father Greg b...”

Hon. Daniel Christmas

June 6th
Hansard Link

Speech from the Throne Motion for Address in Reply—Debate Continued

“...y in Cape Breton literally nosedived with the closure of the Sydney Steel Plant and the shutdown of coal mining in Cape Breton in the early years of the last decade.

Membertou is now the third l...”

Hon. Judith Seidman

June 1st
Hansard Link

Tobacco Act Non-smokers' Health Act Bill to Amend—Third Reading

“...Gary Grant, a retired veteran of the Toronto Police Service and spokesperson for the National Coalition Against Contraband Tobacco, warned us:

About one in three cigarettes purchased in Ontario is illegal. In northern Ontario, it's more than two in three. Quebec has identified a contraband incidence of about 15 per cent. . . .

Plain packaging regulations will literally give the blueprint for replicating the packaging of the legal product, including graphic warning labels, colours, fonts and other necessary materials. . . .

It would be nearly impossible for consumers to distinguish what is legal versus illegal, and only police with the proper investigative tools could do so. If anything, creating counterfeit products will now become viable, allowing organized crime to strong-arm legitimate retailers into selling illegal product. The current complex packaging prevents this.

The coalitions' argument was pressed further by the tobacco industry. Rather than debating measures whic...”

Hon. Judith Seidman

June 1st
Hansard Link

Tobacco Act Non-smokers' Health Act Bill to Amend—Third Reading

“...Gary Grant, a retired veteran of the Toronto Police Service and spokesperson for the National Coalition Against Contraband Tobacco, warned us:

About one in three cigarettes purchased in Ontario is illegal. In northern Ontario, it's more than two in three. Quebec has identified a contraband incidence of about 15 per cent. . . .

Plain packaging regulations will literally give the blueprint for replicating the packaging of the legal product, including graphic warning labels, colours, fonts and other necessary materials. . . .

It would be nearly impossible for consumers to distinguish what is legal versus illegal, and only police with the proper investigative tools could do so. If anything, creating counterfeit products will now become viable, allowing organized crime to strong-arm legitimate retailers into selling illegal product. The current complex packaging prevents this.

The coalitions' argument was pressed further by the tobacco industry. Rather than debating measures whic...”

Hon. Grant Mitchell

May 30th
Hansard Link

Canadian Human Rights Act Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Third Reading—Debate Adjourned

“...st Women Emergency Shelter; Chatham Kent Women's Centre; St. John's Status of Women Council; Ottawa Coalition to End Violence Against Women. Canadian women's shelters have had a long history of helpin...”

Hon. Salma Ataullahjan

May 16th
Hansard Link

Dr. Zulfiqar Bhutta Congratulations on 2017 Oslo Business for Peace Award

“... oversight committee of World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region, and Chairman of the Coalition of Centres in Global Child Health.

He holds adjunct professorships at Johns H...”

Senator Seidman

May 10th
Hansard Link

Tobacco Act Non-smokers' Health Act Bill to Amend—Third Reading—Debate Adjourned

“...on the best way to ensure youth are protected.

Last week we received an important letter from Coalition québécoise pour le contrôle du tabac. If I may briefly quote from their letter:

[...”

Hon. Amarjeet Sohi, P.C., M.P., Minister of Infrastructure and Communities

May 9th
Hansard Link

Ministry of Infrastructure and Communities Canada Infrastructure Bank

“...ral areas, where we could possibly build inter-provincial transmission ties to reduce dependency on coal-fired generation. That's where the opportunities exist. I am very confident that we will be abl...”

Hon. Serge Joyal

April 6th
Hansard Link

Battle of Vimy Ridge One Hundredth Anniversary

“...onghold used by the Germans to control the entire industrial region of the north of France, rich in coal mines that were essential to supporting the German war effort.

Twice before, in the years...”

Hon. Claude Carignan

April 6th
Hansard Link

Canada Evidence Act Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Third Reading—Debate Adjourned

“...to remind everyone why Bill S-231 is so important. Here is how Éric Trottier of the Canadian Media Coalition, an association of major Canadian media outlets, put it:

The current legislative framework is outdated. The proof of that is clear: warrants to put our journalists under surveillance can be obtained as they are investigating matters that do not constitute criminal acts, let alone serious ones. Nor do investigators have to justify violating the confidential nature of journalists' sources. Without guarantees against police intrusion, the protections provided by the Supreme Court mean nothing. So redressing the balance between police forces and the media is as necessary as it is urgent. The measures proposed in the bill re-establish this balance by tightening the procedure needed to obtain a surveillance warrant. . . .

Honourable senators, for the sake of the public interest, we must strike a balance between police investigative powers and protecting sources acting in the public interest and in everyone's interest.

Let me explain why Bill S-231 is so important.

I agree with the report adopted yesterday, which included all of the amendments proposed and adopted during the committee's study. The amendments seek to restore that important balance between investigative powers and protection of sources.

As you know, freedom of the press is one of our fundamental values in Canada. It is enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Our role in the Senate is to ensure that our laws are consistent with the Constitution, and to uphold the democratic values and rights and freedoms of all. It is also our role to set safeguards. Off-loading that responsibility to the courts might cause these violations of the freedom of the press to endure for several more years.

Honourable senators, recent events give us cause for concern for this freedom of the press that is fundamental to our democracy. Freedom of the press and journalistic sources go hand in hand. Journalistic sources are essential to investigative journalism. Michael Cooke of the Toronto Star told us, and I quote:

Often if the story is important enough to the public interest, we get a public inquiry, or we get a criminal probe, or we get a change of our law. Sometimes we get all three, which is a glorious trifecta demonstrating the value of our free press.

Bill S-231 seeks to protect the confidentiality of journalistic sources, also known as whistle-blowers. It enshrines in Canadian law, for the first time in history, a class privilege, that of guaranteed anonymity of a journalistic source. This type of legislation already exists in several countries around the world. The Fédération professionnelle des journalistes du Québec was quite clear; according to the largest organization of journalists in the country, Canada is lagging behind when it comes to protecting sources.

Journalistic sources are necessary for holding government to account to the public. Without them, historic scandals such as "Shawinigate" or the sponsorship scandal would have never seen the light of day. Journalistic sources disclose irregularities, fraud, or misuse of public funds at great risk. If their identity is revealed, they are vulnerable to threats, exclusion, disciplinary action, intimidation, job loss, and in some cases physical retaliation and even death threats. Hence the importance of not only a bond of trust between the journalist and source, but also of a legal framework to put safeguards in place.

Investigative journalism is based on a relationship that is founded on the trust of the sources. Society as a whole suffers when the relationship between journalists and their sources is threatened, because we depend on sources if we are to shed light on issues of great public importance.

I introduced Bill S-231 in response to disturbing revelations that the Montreal police service and the Sûreté du Québec allegedly placed numerous journalists under surveillance. The police apparently obtained warrants giving access to journalists' cellphone and geolocation data. Following these disturbing revelations, a number of journalists told us in committee that their sources were panicking and no longer wanted to cooperate, or were changing their methods of contact to better protect themselves.

In recent days, we have also learned that devices for tracking our own cellphones had been set up around Parliament Hill, making it possible to intercept our communications and text messages.

It seems that Public Safety Canada is investigating this illegal interception and who is responsible for installing these catcher devices. How far do we have to tolerate these intrusions into our telephone communications and text messages? We certainly need to draw the line when our democratic institutions are concerned. The media is one of those institutions and needs special protection.

(1700)

If we want to guarantee freedom of the press, honourable senators, it is our duty to take action. This bill has received considerable support from members of the essential institution that is the media and freedom of the press. La Presse, CBC/ Radio-Canada, The Globe and Mail, The Toronto Star, and journalism associations support this bill without reservation.

I would now like to address some of its important elements.

Concerning the Canada Evidence Act, first, Bill S-231 defines journalist and journalistic source. The new version of the subclause, proposed by Senator Pratte, tightens the definition of what a journalist is by requiring that two criteria be met: main occupation and for consideration. This addresses a concern expressed by police about how the provisions would be enforced, from a practical perspective.

As Senator Pratte said, the amendment is intended to limit the definition of journalist to persons whose main occupation is journalism, if it is a paid occupation. This will provide the police with a more precise definition. That will enable them to enforce the new legislation more easily than under the former definition, which was broader and harder to interpret.

Only professional journalists would be covered by this legislation. We made this compromise in order to address police concerns. This is a significant compromise and a reasonable balance, seeking to reconcile the interests of the police, who want to investigate, and journalists, who want to be able to do their work without jeopardizing their sources' safety.

In short, with these amendments, we have tried to strike a fair and reasonable balance between the investigative power of the police and the search for the truth by protecting journalistic sources. We have done it with the fact in mind that Canada is one of the rare democracies in the world that does not have this kind of legislative protection. Without clear legislation, both police and judges are left to the vagaries of the case law. A case by case approach is not desirable in relation to the investigative powers of the police. Relying on the case law, in the increasingly complex world of communications and at a time when the profession of journalist is in a state of change, is not acceptable, and would mean tolerating violations for several years to come. It would amount to off-loading onto the courts our primary responsibility to protect our public institutions.

In proposed subsection 39.1(3), the bill also provides that a journalist may object to the disclosure of information or a document before a court, person or body with the authority to compel. The objection may be made on the grounds that the information or document identifies or is likely to identify a journalistic source.

Proposed subsection 39.1(7) provides that the court or body may authorize the disclosure of information or a document only if the court considers that the information or document cannot be obtained by any other reasonable means, and the public interest in the administration of justice outweighs the public interest in preserving the confidentiality of the journalistic source. There are therefore exceptional, grave and serious situations where the public interest will dictate that the protection must be lifted and the source's identity disclosed. In other cases, the public interest will dictate that anonymity must be maintained.

The court or body must have regard, first, to the essential role of the information or document; second, to freedom of the press; and third, to the impact of disclosure on the journalistic source and the journalist. Bill S-231 thus codifies the criteria that have already been established in decisions of the Supreme Court.

Proposed subsection 39.1(8) places the burden of proof on the person who requests disclosure.

With respect to the Criminal Code, section 3 governs the judicial process relating to the warrant, search warrant, and order. As you now know, the new version of subsection 488.01(3.1) gives the judge discretion, on the judge's own motion, to appoint a special advocate — what is commonly called an amicus curiae. The special advocate would present observations when the application was made for the warrant, but only when a judge considered it to be necessary. That amendment was requested by a large proportion of the committee members, in response to an amendment proposed by witnesses.

To quote the Canadian Media Coalition, a special advocate could, and I quote:

. . . after reviewing the disclosure, make the necessary representations to the judge. This exercise would allow the judge to get a fuller picture of the situation and to benefit from the special enlightenment provided by a lawyer who is experienced in this particular field of the law.

In short, this amendment would give the judge a better picture of the situation and access to expertise in journalism, which would help him or her understand what journalists are within their rights to do or not do.

[English]

In the words of one of the important witnesses, Ms. Jennifer McGuire, General Manager and Editor in Chief of CBC News, an amicus curiae "could, after reviewing the disclosure, make the necessary representations to the judge. By accepting our suggestions, you can strike a better balance in achieving the core promise of this draft bill, protecting journalistic sources, while giving police the tools they need to do their jobs."

[Translation]

Senators, the amicus curiae will constitute an additional way of maintaining the investigative powers of the police.

In addition to that, the bill also narrows the definition of "journalist" in order to prevent the police from dealing with uncertainty when seeking and enforcing warrants.

Under proposed subsection 488.01(2), a search warrant, an authorization or an order relating to a journalistic source may be issued only by a judge of a superior court of criminal jurisdiction or by a judge within the meaning of section 552. That includes judges of the criminal division of the Court of Quebec.

This change increases the requirements for ruling on an issue as basic as the authorization of a search warrant. A search warrant, an authorization or an order may be issued only if, in addition to the required conditions, the judge is satisfied that:

(a) there is no other way by which the desired information can reasonably be obtained;

(b) the public interest in the investigation and prosecution of a criminal offence outweighs the journalist's right to privacy in the process.

These criteria weigh heavily and will ensure that, just because one is a journalist doesn't mean he or she is above the law.

Under new subsection 488.02(1), once the investigation is complete, all information obtained pursuant to a warrant, authorization or order is to be sealed by the court, and no one is to have access to it without authorization from the judge.

An officer who asks to examine or make copies of any documents that have been sealed must give the journalist and relevant media outlet notice of his or her intention under subsection 488.02(2). The journalist and relevant media outlet has 10 days to oppose the request for disclosure from an officer on the grounds that the document identifies or is likely to identity a journalistic source.

The judge may order the disclosure of a document only if he or she is satisfied that there is no other way by which the information can reasonably be obtained. Furthermore, the public interest must take precedence over the right of journalists to confidentiality. It is incumbent upon the Crown to convince the court that the information is vital to an investigation under way.

(1710)

Journalists and their sources benefitted somewhat from the ruling in the Globe and Mail case. Today, with Bill S-231, their rights will be strengthened by legislation.

The confidential relationship between journalists and their anonymous sources must have a certain form of legal protection.

[English]

Confidential sources are key to the "responsible performance of the media's role" and "ought to be protected," said Justice Abella in the National Post decision.

[Translation]

We are trying to strike a fair and reasonable balance between the investigative powers of police and the search for truth made possible by protecting journalistic sources. We should bear in mind that Canada is one of the few democracies that does not have legislation in this regard.

Without clear legislation, the police and judges are working in a grey area. Is the case-by-case approach advisable for the investigative powers of police? The answer is definitely no. Relying on case law in a world where communications are increasingly complex and the profession of journalism is quickly changing is not acceptable.

Police officers told us that we do not need this legislation. I beg to differ.

Mr. Trottier, associate editor and vice-president, Information, of La Presse and member of the Canadian Media Coalition, was very clear on the existence of such abuses by police forces. He said:

...”

Senator Joyal

April 4th
Hansard Link

Canada Evidence Act Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Thirteenth Report of Legal and Constitutional Affairs Committee Adopted

“...to list just a few names of the witnesses that we had the opportunity to hear. We had, of course, a coalition of Canadian media, including the Toronto Star, the National Post, The Globe and Mail, French CBC, English CBC, Le Devoir, Canadian Journalists for Free Expression, la Fédération professionnelle des journalistes du Québec. We heard also from representatives of the Canadian Council of Criminal Defence Lawyers, from lawyers from the firm Gowling. We also heard lawyers from Canadian Media Lawyers Association. We heard the Canadian Police Association and the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, plus, of course, experts from the university community and, of course, authors and retired journalists.

The committee had an extensive opportunity to delve into the proposed legislation. Your committee comes forward with five groups of amendments. The first amendment deals essentially with the definition of journalist. The original definition of journalist didn't contain the elements of restitution or the elements of, I should say, pay that are essential to try to circumscribe the group of journalists that would be covered by the bill.

For the purposes of the bill, we proposed that the definition of journalist include "a person whose main occupation is to contribute directly, either regularly or occasionally, for consideration." The word "consideration" is very important. Consideration can be anything, of course: It could be money, it could be access to certain benefits and it could be compensation of any sort.

(1520)

The essential element of the definition is an individual who is a journalist, as I say, who contributes directly, either regularly or occasionally, for consideration to the collection and dissemination of information. That is the first amendment, and it stems from the representation we had from the police associations and, of course, from the coalition of news media. So it's essentially the expression of that preoccupation they had.

The second amendment is in relation to extending the journalist protection to those who were journalists when a situation happened and they chose not to reveal their sources. So in other words, it would extend the definition of journalist to those who have been journalists in the past but might find themselves in another professional capacity or who have ceased to be a journalist.

The third amendment, and my personal comment in relation to it is I think it is an important one, states that when a court has to authorize the disclosure of information, the bill provides that there be two elements that the court would consider, and your committee is adding a third one. That third element is essentially that due consideration was given to all means of disclosure that would preserve the identity of the journalistic source.

In other words, when a person seeks to authorize the disclosure, it has to pay due consideration to all other means of disclosure that would have preserved the journalistic source. The authorization to disclose the journalist's source comes only when we have spent all other ways to provide the source.

The fourth amendment is essentially to extend the warrant procedure to those of a general purpose. The list of the bills included search warrants and other warrants provided in the code but not the general warrant of section 487.01; section 487 was essentially the amendment that we made.

Finally, the last amendment was also requested by the coalition of media, which is essentially that when a judge is requested to issue a warrant, he or sh...”

Hon. Michael L. MacDonald

March 28th
Hansard Link

National Strategy for Safe and Environmentally Sound Disposal of Lamps Containing Mercury Bill Second Reading

“... their energy efficiency, there is a reduced demand for electrical generation in areas dependent on coal power plants. Coal power generation, still utilized in my home province of Nova Scotia, for example, releases merc...”

Hon. Salma Ataullahjan

March 9th
Hansard Link

Prohibiting Cluster Munitions Act Bill to Amend—Second Reading—Debate Adjourned

“...ed and destroyed.

In June 2016, PAX, a Dutch peace group who form a part of the international coalition against indiscriminate weapons, reported that four Canadian financial institutions had inv...”

Hon. Murray Sinclair

March 7th
Hansard Link

Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Second Reading—Debate Continued

“...anadians agreed that spanking should be illegal. The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario leads a coalition of over 580 national organizations and advocates. That coalition released a Joint Statement on Physical Punishment of Children and Youth and also called fo...”

Hon. Peter Harder (Government Representative in the Senate)

February 28th
Hansard Link

International Development Programs and Initiatives

“...precisely how the Government of Canada will augment its contribution in this area to be part of the coalition of countries to fill this important need.”

Hon. Lynn Beyak

February 28th
Hansard Link

Canadian Human Rights Act Criminal Code Bill to Amend—Second Reading—Debate Continued

“... began, or which we worked on together. In 1990, with other businessmen, Tony founded the Taxpayers Coalition of Fort Frances, and saved local citizens and businesses millions of dollars in taxes over...”


Active Bills

Bill C-44


An Act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 22, 2017 and other measures
LEGISInfo Link

Bill Status: Committee Reporting the Bill with Amendments in the House of Commons

“... and (b) of the Act are replaced by the following: (a) an international organization, body, association or coalition or a grouping of states (such as the Financial Action Task Force) of which Canada is a member has called on its members to take measures in ...”

“...ed by the following: (a) if (i) an international organization, body, association or coalition or a grouping of states (such as the Financial Action Task Force) of which Canada is a member has called on its members to take measures in ...”

“...ection 89.‍1(2), and (iv) subsection 89.‍2(2); (i) section 14 of the Donkin Coal Block Development Opportunity Act; (j) subsection 59(2) of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012; and ...”


Filed Regulations

Order Declaring an Amnesty Period (2017)

May 12, 2017 SOR/2017-87
RegistrationSOR/2017-87 May 12, 2017 CRIMINAL CODE
Gazette Link

“...the Canada Gazette, Part I, for a 15-day public comment period. Fifteen comments were received from 12 individuals and 3 organizations, including the Coalition for Gun Control. All the respondents were opposed to the extension of the amnesty, expressing concern that the amnesty was providing immunit...”

“... waiver would not be extended. During this period, 13 comments were received from 9 individuals and 4 organizations (e.g. chief medical officers, the Coalition for Gun Control). Of those who responded, all were opposed to a further extension of the Amnesty Order. Comments suggested that the continua...”

“...April 5, 2014, followed by a 15-day comment period. During this period, 41 comments were received from 30 individuals and 11 organizations (e.g. the Coalition for Gun Control, public health directors). The majority of individuals who responded were opposed to a further extension of the Amnesty Orde...”


Order Amending Schedule 1 to the Species at Risk Act

April 13, 2017 SOR/2017-59
Registration SOR/2017-59 April 13, 2017 SPECIES AT RISK ACT
Gazette Link

“...ts include changes in habitat quality due to sedimentation from road construction, maintenance and ATV use and potential resource development such as coal mining, gold mining, road building, railroad extensions, and town site developments. COSEWIC assessed the Rocky Mountain Sculpin (Westslope popul...”


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